The wooden hat block
is a thing of the past!  




Hat Shapers
(unless otherwise marked)


Here are the names of lots of hats! 
Can you add more?

*hat: item of dress worn on the head,
from a word of Saxon origin meaning hood

*Agal: modern Arab head-dress. Consists of a scarf wound around the head and held in place by its own fringes tucked into the roll.
*a shu:
pandita hat, red hat of a scholar with long lappets
*Albanian Hat: hat with a high crown and raised front, trimmed with a feather. This style was made popular by portraits of Henry IV.
*alpine hat:  soft felt sport hat, also, Tyrolean
*amice: a priest's white ritual hood
*Ammana: large wound turban worn by Muslims
*almuce:  a fur lined hood
*Annie Hall: drooping brimmed hat made famous by Diane Keaton in movie of same name...1970's
*arctic cap:  Felt crown with goose down, Mouton lamb storm flaps
*ascot: London, gray top hat worn at Ascot races
*attiffet: women's headdress which arched on either side of the head and was covered by a veil which fell in a point. Popular style in sixteenth century.
*aumussiers:  a hood made of fur
*babushka: Russian grandmothers triangular shaped head scarf tied under chin
*bachlik: a hood attached to a cap... Balkans
* baigneaus:  bonnet fashioned like a bathing cap
*baku:  straw hat from Ceylon
*balaclava: knitted hood, covered head, ears, neck and mouth, used by soldiers in the Battle of Balaclava during the Crimean War of 1854, call the Protector in 1843
*balibuntal:  Philippines, straw woven hat
*balmoral: Scotch Bluebonnet.  woolen beret cap with top projecting over tartan band of Stuart colors, 1850's
*bambini: designed by Della Robia, ?Florence Italy, a hat with a halo brim
*bandeau: small leaf or drop head-dress for women, to accompany elegant attire
*bandino: 1930's women's large brimmed hat
*bangkok: woven palm fiber hat
*barbe: wimple covering ladies head, neck and chin
*barrentino: Italian fisherman's cap
*barette: wide flat cap worn in Middle Ages by priests
*baseball cap: cloth cap with wide brim at the front. worn by baseball
*basher: a straw hat
*bashlyk: an ancient round topped felt bonnet with lappets
*Basque beret: flat round woolen felt cap worn my Basque peasants
*bavolet: cap worn by French peasant women called curtain bonnet
*beanie: 20th century American small, round skull cap, cut in gores to fit head
*beaver hat: hat made of beaver fur felt
*bearskin: A large furry crowned hat, uniform worn by Coldstream Guard
*beefeater: narrow brimmed hat worn by British Yeoman of the Guard and Warders of the Tower of London since the 16 century. flat topped medium high crown gathered into a headband, black beret shape
*beguin: close fitting cap, 3 pieces, medieval,
*bellboy: small stiff cap in pillbox shape usually worn by hotel bellboys
*Ben Hogan: English driving cap
*beret: cap of felt, felted jersey or fabric with soft, wide circular crown, with or without a headband
*berettino: see biretta
*bersagliere: hat worn at an angle wide brim large curving feather mount, worn by Italian mountain regiment
*Bethlehem headdress: truncated, dome shaped cap, decorated with gold and silver coins and jewels. Worn with a veil.  Ancient Moslem headdress.  tarboosh
* bicorne: men's hat of the late 18th and early 19th century. It is was the signature  hat of Napoleon.
*biggin:  coif like cap with ties under the chin, 16 & 17th century
*billycock: a bowler circa 1850, named after William Coke. 
*bird cage: a small hat with stiffened veiling surrounding the wearer's face
*biretta: square cap worn by clergy.  The crown has 3 and 4 projections.
*boater: oval, flat-topped hat with rigid flat brim, typically made of straw braid sailor or a skimmer.
* bobby:tall dome, short turned down brim, Keystone Cop style, worn by English police.
*bonnet: name of women's or girl's head-dress, with deep brim and ribbons to tie under the chin;
*bonnet a la Laitere:  cap similar to a maiden's cap
*bonnet rouge: red cap worn during French Revolution as a symbol of liberty.
*bonnet a la Victorie:  a cap decorated with laurel leaves, the symbol of victory
*bonnet demi-neg lige: informal cap worn under a hat
*bonnetiers: white head hugging, knitted, sometimes felted wool hats
*bongrace: 16, 17 century Oblong shaped, stiff material which dips over the forehead and draping over the back, worn in a coif
*borsalino: man's fur felt hat from Italian firm of same name, 1920's
*bourrelet:  head protector for children
*bowler: oval hat, with round, rigid crown modeled brim, a derby, made popular by the Earl of Derby
*breton or bretonne: women's hat with ample round crown and brim turned-up all around
*bridal veil: white or ivory veil worn during wedding ceremony
*brush hat: 19th century term for felt hats with nap brushed up during planking
*bubble: melon shaped pillbox cap
*bucket cap: sports hat with round dented crown
*bulbous: 16 century German Large dome shaped cap. 
*bumper brim: Hat with a tubular shaped brim. various sized brim and crown
*buriti: Brazilian straw hat
*busby: toll cylindrical cur cape with military ornament hanging from top.   15th century cavalry uniform of Hungarian Hussars.
*bush hat: wide brimmed man's felt hat, turned up brim on 1 side.. slouch hat
*butterfly headdress:  15th century, variation of Hennin, box cap, draped veiling like butterfly wings.
*bycocket, bycoket: 16th century Italian student high crown, wide brim, peaked in the front and turned up in the back.  Middle Ages.
*cabacete: a type of Spanish war hat , 15th century, turned down brim and an almond shaped skull ending in a stalk.
*cabas: Sally Victor reinvented this version of the Phrygian Bonnet in 1956
*cabriolet bonnet: 19th century bonnet with brim, similar to carriage top
*calash, caleche: 18th century, large folding hood supported by hoops that could be raised or lowered. Named after calash carriage.
*calotte: a close-fitting skull cap. Ancient Greek origin, 17th century, Medieval times, worn over shaved head.
*calpac: large black felt cap worn by men in Turkey, Cossack
*Cameleurion: hemispherical crown worn by the Caesars, then by the Byzantine Emperors.
*camuro: Ermine trimmed, red velvet cap, larger than skull cap, formerly worn by the Pope of the Roman Catholic Church.
*Campaign hat: 4 large dimples in tall crown, stiff straight brim,boy scout hat.
*Canadian Mounties stetson:
official head-dress of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police
*cap: ancient origin.  snug fitting warm head covering often with partial brim.
*cape hat:  Half hat made by attaching fabric or felt to a bicycle clip
*capeline: small round crown and wide floppy brim
*capote: close fitting bonnet with rigid brim.  soft crown, bows, 19 century.
*Cappa Floccata: Round hat made of hairy material, worn by greek shepherds.
*cappoose:  A very tall fur hat
*capuche: long pointed hood worn by Capuchin monks
*capuchon: medieval pointed hooded cape, to stiffened down the center...
*capulet: Juliet cap, worn on back of head  i.e. "Romeo and Juliet"
*cardinal's hat: 13th century, red hat with short, rounded crown and broad flat brim.  Rank shown by number of tassels
*cartwheel: a hat with a wide straight brim and a low crown, worn by peasants in southern France
*casque: French for helmet.
*castor hat: hat of beaver or rabbit  French
*cassimere hat: felt hats with a very smooth surface produced by pouncing
*cater cap: 19th century square university cap... mortarboard
*caubeen: Irish slang for shabby old hat
*caudebec: a cheap felt cap made in Normandy, 18th century
*caul: historical term for a close-fitting indoor head-dress, or the plain back part of the same.  14th ,15th,16th century
*cavalier hat: a wide-brimmed, plumed hat, 17th century; the right side of the   brim was pinned up to the crown so that the wearer's sword arm could move freely above the shoulder
*chador: traditional concealing head covering worn by Muslim women in public
*chapeau a la cheulalte: hat introduced by Queen Charlotte of England
*chapeau a la Devonshire: hat with feathers, aigrettes
*chapeau a la Turque:  hat styled after Turkish Fashion
*chapeau a L'Egyptienne: puffed kerchief, lace edges held on with a ribbon with and aigrette and 2 heron feathers
*chapeau claque:  gibus hat
*chapel cap: circle or triangle of lace placed on head when entering Catholic church for church services
*chaplet: circle of fresh flowers, later gold , medieval times
*chapeliers de feutue: felt hats
*chaperon:  middle ages/renaissance, pointed hood short cape.   hood face opening placed over forehead as a headband and the cape was gathered and pleated in the form of a fan.  A liripipe was twisted around the pleated cape to hold it in place.  
*chaperonniers: elaborate hoods
*chapka: fur cap with flaps that can be turned down or fasten to side of crown
*character hat:  late 1970's hat worn by NY senator Pat Moynihan
*charlotte corday: mob hat worn by Charlotte Corday during French reign of terror in 1793.  Tricolor band and rosette was the distinguishing feature
*chechia: Berber skullcap or tashashit. deep cylindrical flat topped cap of felt with tassel.  was worn by French Zoaves during 1831.  Fez
*chef's hat: white, starched bonnet worn by chefs. The tall crown should have 100 pleats.
*chignon cap:  small cap worn over bun at back of head.
*child's pudding: Hat with bumper brim that acted as a chock absorber when child was learning to walk and falls.
*chira: Indian turban
*chou: French for cabbage,  rosette used on or off of hats, soft crushed crown.
*chuke: trolls stocking cap, knitted hat with tassel
*city flat cap: beret, small brim, wool, also statue cap
*claft: Ancient Egyptian striped linen head dress.  the French foreign legion adapted the curtain like headdress for desert warfare.
*cloche: French word for bell. women's, 1920's, a close-fitting round crown, no brim or small flare at the brim edge identified later with flapper era
*cloud: a loosely made scarf. fascinator
*coal scuttle bonnet: 18th 19th century, bonnet with flat back and scoop brim,
*coalman hat: a shore visor cap with a protective flap at the back, protect their backs from dust
*cocked hat: bicorne or tricorne
*cockel hat: hat decorated with cockle shells worn by pilgrims who visited the shrine of St. James of Compostell
*cocktail hat: a small, often frivolous, hat for women, usually worn forward on the head
*coguard: Swiss  16th century man's hat edged with feather
*coif: head-cover worn by nuns as part of their habit, often with long veils
*coke: bowler hat
*Conch: shell-shaped hat made from thin gauze-like material supported on a thin wire frame. Worn mainly by widows in the seventeenth century.
*conch hat: a wide-brimmed palm straw hat of the Caribbean
*coolie hat: a conical straw hat, similar  style worn by laborers in the Far East
*coon skin cap: not a particular shape, animal skin head covering, Daniel Boone, Davy Crocket
*coptain: a hat with a high tapered crown and narrow straight brim, believed to have originated in Spain in the 16th century; later worn by the Puritans  and still known by their name
*cordie: 19th century term for plain wool felt hats
*Cornet Hat: women's hat that was gathered at the crown and had a narrow brim. Popular at the end of the fifteenth century.
*corno: 12th century worn by Doges of Venice tall conical ducal bonnet
*coronet: small crown worn by members of nobility as a symbol of rank
*cover: cordies with applied cod-wool and fur nap on the crown, upper and under sides of the brim
*cowboy hat: high crown and wide brim, originally worn by cow hands, usually of of felt or leather
*cowl:  ecclesiastical hood worn by monks
*crepiniers:  net snood
*crown: head-dress usually of gold, worn as a symbol of sovereignty by monarchs
*crush hat: collapsible top hat
*Davy Crockett: fat cap with animal tail swinging
*deer stalker: see below
*deer hunter: a hunting cap with visors at the front and back, and ear-flaps that can be tied up over the crown;  known as a Sherlock Holmes hat
*derby: bowler hat
*diadem: head-dress or head-band, worn as a symbol of sovereignty
*disco: 1970's, small hat worn above the forehead and tilted to one side
*doll hat: a very small hat in any style, usually worn forward on the head
*dormeuse: French for sleeper, 1770's cap worn at night.
*duckbill: 1795, bonnet with long high curving bill, can be tied on under chin
*dunce hat: tall conical hat pointed crown worn by students not thinking
*Dutch cap: close fitting pointed crown cap, rolled brim, flared out at sides
*Easter bonnet: women's hat, a new spring style to be worn at Easter
*Egyptian crown: 1372 -135 B.C.  helmet crown of white felt with red wicker crown.
*English driving cap: low-profile cap, small brim at the front crown may be tailored with side panels,
*escoffin: 14th, 15th century, originally a turban heart shaped from, then two horned shape worn of caul with a wimple.
*eton: special cap worn to identify boys at Eton College, England
*Eugenie hat: 1859 style of empress Eugenie wife of Napoleon III, seen later worn by Princess Diana with an ostrich feather and slight tilted over to the right.
*fanchon: French kerchief bonntet of 1860's small triangular with brim and crown.
*fascinator: see cloud
*feather bonnet: military head-dress of Scottish regiments, ostrich plumes   mounted on a wire frame
*feather head-dress: ceremonial, symbolic worn by chiefs of North American Indian tribes
*fedora: felt hat with a lengthwise crease in the crown and a medium brim
*ferroniere: renaissance era oriental designed headdress.
*fez: conical, flat-topped cap with a tassel attached at the top center;
*fillet: ribbon or narrow head-band worn to confine hair driving cap
*flat cap: 16th century, knitted cap with flat top and beret like form.  Seen on London tradesmen.
*fontange: originated in 1678, Duchess de Fontange  arranged. A linen hat with tall erections of lace and ribbon supported by wire.
*forage cap: military cap with a small brim, also typical for police uniforms
* French hood:  16th century, worn in various forms, bonnet worn at back of head with a front border curving around the ears.
*fret: medieval hairnet
*frontlet: 15th century, callote
*gable 16th c. Hood with back curtain.
*Gainsborough: A wide-brimmed, plumed hat with the brim turned up on one     side;   It was named for the 19th century English painter
*Galerus: a round cap of animal skin worn by hunters and peasants.
*Gandhi cap: traditional Indian cap, boat shaped worn by Mahatma Gandhi, Indian political leader
*Garibaldi pillbox: 1860's, inspired by the Italian liberator
*gaucho: wide tilted brim anchored with cord under chin
*gibson girl: 1890's sailor hat style illustrated by Charles Dana Gibson
*Garbo hat: slouch hat
*garland: a wreath of flowers (artificial in millinery), worn as a decorative head-dress
*gatsby: English driving cap
*gibus: collapsible silk opera hat, patented in 1837 by French inventor, Gibus
*Glenngarry bonnet: blue woolen cap creased through the crown , appeared in 1805 in Glenngarry, Invernesshire, Scotland, stiff sides, bound edges, short ribbons   hanging in the back
*gob cap: name of cap given to enlisted men in U.S. Navy after 1940. white cotton, four piece crown, stitched brim. "Canadian for gobbie" means fisherman
*gondolier hat: worn by Venetian boatman, wide brim, shallow crown
*gorget: 14th and 15th century  draped linen or silk draped and pinned to hair
*gossamer hat: lightweight muslin hats sized with shellac, used as bodies for silk plush hats
*half hat: hat that covers only part of head
*havelock: protective material that covers the neck attached to back of cap
*head:  1770's, Queen Marie Antoinette style of monstrous hair covering.
*headrail: 10th and 11th century British women's head covering wrapped over the head and around the neck
*heart-shaped headdress: 15th century, cauls
*helmet: military head-dress; protective head-cover
*hennin: a high conical hat with a veil attached at the top, worn by women during the 15th century OR insulting term for the tall, horned head-dresses.
*hijab: head-cover worn by Islamic women, often accompanied by the niqab (face veil)
*homburg: men's felt hat with a soft lengthwise crease in the crown, and a narrow slightly rolled brim
*hood: English - amess, French - amuce, amice
*horned headdress: 14th &15th century, cauls extended to great widths   horned effect
*houve: a medieval cap or hood
*huke: 16th ,17th century, hooded mantle covering the head and body, moorish design, later used my Arabs, Moors, and Mohammodens.
*huer: a medieval cap
*hurers:  wool caps, felted and shaggy
*Huve: tapered cornet projecting from each side of the head and being held in place with long pins. This type of women's headdress was popular in the early fifteen hundreds.
*Ivy cap: English driving cap
*jester cap: a bell trimmed peaked hood deriving from hat worn my medieval jester "Cap and Bells"
*jinnah cap: traditional cap of Pakistan, a karakul tarboosh, named for founder of Pakistan
*jockey cap: cloth cap, close-fitting 6-panel crown and wide brim at the front
*Juliet: a small, brimless, round cap of wide mesh, usually decorated with jewels. Renaissance.
*kaffiyeh, keffiyed: Arabian and Bedouin, scarf headdress held in place with agal
*Kakofnitch: Russian women's headdress in the form of a tiara or diadem.
*kalpak:  a triangular Turkish or Tartar felt cap
*kamelaukion: ancient tall cone shaped felt or fur cap formerly worn by mohammeden sects
*Kate Greenway cap: illustrated in Kate Greenway books of 1st empire children,  similar to mob caps
*kepi: typical cap of the French Foreign Legion, flat topped oval crown with a brim in the front, German , Algerian
*Kepresh: war head-dress of the Pharaoh.
*khevenhuller: popular man's har mid 18th century, deep front fronted turned up of the brim with small pinch, peaks at the sides, small turned up at back
*kippah: skull-cap worn by Jewish men, also known as a yarmulke
*klaft: ancient Egyptian striped hood
*Klaft: the head-dress shown on the sphinx. Striped cloth on which a sparrow hawk was woven, fits over the temples and falls over ears.
*Korean hat: traditional men's tall black hat with medium wide brim tied under the chin
*krizia: lacquered woven straw hat, round crown, rolled brim
*kufie: Islamic prayer cap
*kulah: Persian, Ancient Oriental, pointed skullcap. high cylindrical cap of felt
*Kyne: Greek soldier's leather helmet
*kyrbasia: ancient Persia cap of felt round with flaps to fasten under chin
*leghorn: Laverne, Italy... finely plaited straw hat
*liberty cap: Phrygian cap
*liripipe: evolved from conical hood with face hole, 12th century.   peak  later wrapped around head to form turbaned chaperone
*macaroni: small tricorne adopted by fashion extremists of the Macaroni Club of London in 1760, who were Italian travelers.
* mackinaw: U.S. man's straw hat, coarse brim
*mahrharmah: Turkish woman's hood covers face
*Mandarin hat: popular black silk hat with deep turned up brim, pointed crown with button on top, worn by Chinese nobles of Manchu dynasty
*mandel: a turban woven with silk and gold
*mantilla: 18th century France, lace head scarf, 19th century Spanish and Mexican headdress of lace with high comb
*mantel: up to the 12th century, Catholic woman's head covering
*marquise hat: 18th century ladies hat
*matador, bullfighter hat: shape of bull's head, short stubby horns,
*merry widow hat: 1907 century, fashioned for operetta "Merry Widow by Franz Lehar.  Large hat with wide brim
*milkmaid hat: 18th century country fashion garden hat low crown wide brim tied with ribbon under chin.
*mitreboard:  head-cover worn by bishops, characterized by two peaks
*mob cap: 18th century, indoors and outdoors, lace cap with large ribbon bow
*Monmouth: made in Monmouth England, knitted woolen cap with turned up band, type of stocking cap
*Montego: palm hat from Montego Bay, Jamaica
*montero: 15th -17th century, round crowned cap with divided flap that could be turned up or worn down, form of cap still worn by huntsmen and farmers
*Montgomery beret: type of British beret worn by Sir Montgomery in W.W.II
*morian: 16th century, kettle hat, used in infantry, skull with broad brim, flat, turned down at sides.
*mortarboard: flat, square, worn by professors and students for solemn academic occasions
*mourning bonnet: black bonnet worn by widows during the 19th century
*muffin cap: similar shape of a flat bun, popular children's hat
*Muller cut down: flat crowned bowler worn after the murderer named Muller had worn one.
*mushroom hat: a hat with a mushroom-like, downward curved brim, known as a Tiffany in Italy from the hat worn by Audrey Hepburn in the film "Breakfast at Tiffany's."
*nap: 19th century term for corides with applied cod-wool or camel hair nap on the crown,
*newsboy:  worn by newsboys, large, soft, 8 paneled fabric cap with visor
*night cap: men's cap worn informally indoors from the 16th to the 19th century.
*niqab: face veil worn by Islamic women, together with the hijab
*Nithsdale: traveling cloak with hood 1716. Lady Nithsdale disguised her Jacobite husband and help him escape from the Tower of London
*Nirvernois: small cocked hat 1780 named after the Duke of Nevenois
*Olicula: hooded cape worn by Roman women
*opera hat: collapsible top hat with an internal spring, so that it could be flattened and carried under the arm.
*optimo: panama hat with full crown with ridge extending from front to back
*overseas cap: olive drab cloth cap worn by soldiers in both world wars then picked up again in 1979 and 1981
*padre: low crown and broad straight brim with slight cure a outer edge.   adapted from hats of priests.  Parson's hat
*pakul: felted wool cap from Afghanistan, flat top rolled brim
*palla: Medieval European head drapery evolved from headrail
*panama hat: straw hat made with panama cloche
*pastorella: Italian, shepherdess, women's hat ,round crown, wide, drooping brim, usually of straw
*pedaline: straw hat
*petasos: a hat of ancient Greece with wide brim and conical crown
*Phrygian cap: conical cap with the top bent forward. also known as the cap of liberty.
*picture hat: a hat with a very wide brim, worn tilted to the side of the head
*pileus: roman close fitting cap of felt similar to skullcap
*pillbox: a small brimless cap with a flat tip and cylindrical side
*pith helmet: a helmet of cork or pith (dried spongy tissue from the soda plant) covered with cloth
*planter's hat: worn by sugar planter of Jamaica. Later worn by golfer Snead
*plug:  top hat
*poke bonnet: 19th century bonnet, very deep brim and small crown
*porkpie: 19th cent. round flat topped crown, small brim turned up all around
*postillian: 17th century Rembrandt style hat of great painters later post riders
*Puritan: black felt hat, high conical crown, narrow straight brim, worn by the Puritans during the 17th century.Usually trimmed with  buckle at the front
*puggaree: from Pagri, East Indian turban worn as protection against the sun.
*quake hats: 17th century high quality broad brimmed felt hats, gray or brown
*Quaker bonnet: 18th century worn by Quaker women
*Ramillies cock: 18th century man's hat named after battle, back turned up higher than the front.
*ranelagh mob: 18th century, form of mob cap worn by market women
ratters: straw hats
*rastafarian hat: called a crown, religious significance can be knitted red,yellow and green which represents the Ethiopian flag.
*reticulated headdress: 14th and 15th century braided coils of hair worn over ear ear, covered with cauls, or nets of gold or silver
*Ricinium: square veil worn by Roman women on their heads.
*robin hood: 12th century English hero and outlaw Robin Hood portrayed wearing a conical hood with self brim that was turned up at the back and worn down to a point in the front and trimmed with a quill
*rough rider: Khaki felt soldier hat of Spanish American War of 1898-1899, crown was creased and brim was cocked on one side.  Named after Colonel Theodore Roosevelt's troop of rough riders
*roundlet: 14th 15th century stuffed roll of velvet worn turban fashion over close fitting cap
*Reubbens or Rembrandt hat: Large felt hat decorated with feather   made fashionable from portraits of that period.  Dutch costume
*sa shu: sakya hat, sakya crown, red pandita hat with lappets folded upwards and over the crown of the hat
*sailor: boater
*sennit:  see boater
*shadow: 16th/17th century woman's hood wired and extended above head level, used for protection from sun as a shadow
*shako: a cylindrical, flat-topped cap with small brim; military head-cover
*Sherlock Holmes: deerstalker
*shovel hat: worn by Roman Catholic Priests in outdoor dress, low round crown and turned up on the brim sides with make the front and back project like a shovel
*skimmer: boater
*skull-cap: small, close fitting cap of fabric, knit or crochet;
*slouch hats: a soft hat with a high crown and drooping flexible brim; also called a Garbo hat,
*smoking cap: men's pillbox shape,19th century to prevent the hair from smelling of tobacco
*snap brim: brim turns down in front and up in back, made of felt, straw, tilted
*snood: Scottish term for fillet worn to confine hair; loose net for woman's back hair netting, netting which covered the headgear. In the fifteenth century it was decorated with pearls and jewels and worn directly on the hair.
*sombrero: Mexican hat with high, conical crown and very wide brim, usually of straw or felt
*sou'western: waterproof hat of oiled canvas, later rubberized, now plastic coated.  worn by sailors as protection against the weather, the brim is broader in back to protect the neck
*spagnola: Italian term for a crowns indented crease around the top
*statute cap: a statute, passed in England in 1571 to encourage the wool workers, made wearing this cap compulsory for the common man.
*stocking cap: knitted cap, usually conical, often finished with a pompon
*stovepipe hat: a tall 19th century top hat, made popular by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln
*stuff hat: 19th century term for felt hats made principally of fur
*sugarloaf: 14th  15th century, tall hat with curved crown that resembled the loaf that sugar was formed into for shipping
*sunbonnet: large stiff brim and flap at the back for neck protection
*tagal: hat made of hemp
*taj: a brimless tall cone shaped cap of distinction, Persian/Arabic
*tam-o'-shanter: beret with close-fitting headband, usually trimmed with a pompon; tammy
*tanagra: straw hat with tall conical crown from B.C. Greece seen on statues
*tarboosh: conical flat top felt cap with tassel top center worn by Islamic men
*tashashit: see chechia
*telescope hat: U.S. hat with circular fold around the inside of the crown with straight sides
*Templars, Templettes, 15th century, extension of the coronet to cover the peaks of hair
*ten-gallon hat: cowboy hat
*Thanet: bowler with low crown made in London for the Earl of Thanet, mid 19th century
*therese: 16th century large hood of gauze over wire/whale bone. a loose head-dress which was worn like a hood that covered the tall bonnets of the late seventeen hundreds.
*tholia: women's straw hat of Ancient Greece, wide and flat with a peaked crown: high, pointed hat with a brim worn by women of ancient Greece.
*thrummed hat: hat made of very coarse wool
*tiara: Greek ... crown. crown like headdress of jewels,
*Tiffany: a mushroom hat
*tip: 19th century term for cordies with applied cod-wool or camel hair nap on the crown, or small turned-up brim
*toongabbie: (1960) a washable toweling hat made of cotton terry cloth
*top hat: worn for formal occasions, tall cylindrical crown various heights,
*topi: Hindu, hat worn India and tropical countries as protection from sun,
*toque:  French term for chef's hat.. also small hat for women, nearly brimless
*toreador hat: bicorne shape set crosswise on the head
*tower hat: high headdress  from the 17th/18th century
*tricorne: men's hat of the 18th century, with wide brims folded up to form three points
*Trilby: soft felt hat, usually rabbit, dented crown and flexible brim.
*truncated tiara: Ancient Babylonian/Assyrian hat wool hat with short lappets
*Tudor beret: seen in 1539 painting of Henry VIII portrait by Holbeing.   Velvet
*tuque: a Canadian cap made by tucking in one tapered end of a long cylindrical bag, closes at both ends
*turban: typical head-dress for Muslim and Sikh men, long scarf around the head;
*tutulus: Etruscan 700-800 BC Braided hairstyle of women evolved into conical shaped cap worn by peasants and soldiers
*vagabond: casual hat
*veil: cloth, transparent, netting covering the head and/or the face, for women's head-dress.
*Vitta: a headband worn by Roman women to denote their status as free-born citizens.
*volendam: Dutch cap
*vulture headdress: ancient Egyptian
*watteau: 18th century, small cap shown in paintings of Painter Watteau.
*watch cap: knitted navy blue cap worn by sailors.
*wedding ring: 1979 Frank Olivers round crown, rolled brim hat, shiny straw
*weeper's hat:  heavy hatband of black worn at funeral's 19th and 20th centuries
*wide-awake: felt hat, 1840, large brim and low crown,
*widow's peak: a close-fitting cap with a point extending down at the center of a   the forehead,
*witch hat: steeple hennin. 
*wimple: head covering worn by nuns, linen or silk, arranged in folds,
*yarmulke: skull-cap worn by Jewish men; also known as kippah
*yachting hat: loosely base on naval uniform made with flat top and peak in navy blue and white, with badge of the front
*zoave cap: chechia
*zucchetto: skull-cap worn by Roman Catholic clergy

Here are some terms you may find if you are researching feltmaking

This section lists the names of people who make the hats and the order in which the hats are produced

official who examines and grades the quality of woolen goods and   stamps them with the towns seal of approval
wool sorter
wool baler
wool carder
shearers (shaves the hats)

Also, in England, cappers and hatters made hats and hurers made (caps) hurers are also a felted shaggy woolen cap with a felt finish.

In Europe, during the 17 century,
only the people
with those titles were
suppose to perform that job. 

These are some more interesting terms in reference to felting

a treatment of heating and steaming

  dipped into a solution to toughen and make stiffer,stronger

condensing is a natural result of the felting properties on wool.  Shrinkage takes place because the fibers are drawn together. As a result, the fabric has a "fuller" look,  more compact body.

is the process applied at various stages of felting. Usually, wet fiber is tentered.   The primary purpose is to dry and even out the fabric width.  A tenturing frame can be used.  A blast of hot air quickly removes any moisture.

A process called crabbing is used in finishing the wool   felt.  The process ensures that the fabric is stretched or loosened as nescessary and evens out the thickness of the fabric. Crabbing prevents the formation of creases or  uneven shrinkage.

is one of many possible finishing processes applied to wool fabric.  This process sets up the nap and develops a luster. Wet decating material is wound tightly on a perforated iron roller and immersed through trough of hot water that forces the water through the fabric. Dry decating steam is used instead of water.

is a raising process.  The fabric is saturated with water, the fibers of moist wool raises and curls and then shrinks. When this is brushed out in one direction the fibers are smooth and lustrous, brushed the other direction the fibers can stand up and give a halo effect.

BUMPING: term used for the process of final felting of a hood, further compressing and felting of hoods are done in a bumping machine

CARROTING: Preliminary treatment of wool for fur with acids, which curls the fibers. It produces a reddish yellow color... thus it's name

POUNCING: rubbing down the outside of felt hats with pumice stone, sand paper or emery paper to produce a very smooth surface

MULLING: is a dampening of the felt with a fine mist or steam before blocking



is an official who examined the quality of the wool and stamped them with the town's approval.
was employed to clean the wool in the worsted factories
bales wool in the mills
works with sheep skins
cleaned and thickened the fabric by treading it underwater with fuller's earth.

a person who made felt used in hat making.
BEST STUFF: 19th century term for rabbit fur, backs, sides mixed together
made the wooden hat blocks used to form hats upon
a person who operated a "blowing machine" to separate fibers
fed the wool fibers into the blowing machine
was in charge of the vats used for washing the raw wool

made borel, a coarse woollen cloth
operated a machine which pressed the fiber between two rollers
made caps
made caps worn by the common worker
someone who worked in the carding rooms
a person who cards/ carded the wool
makes the cards use for combing wool
fixed the teeth on the carding machines

French for women working in the hat industries

a person who combed the wool out by hand mostly before weaving/yarn
made and sold hats
took the cloth from the carder to the next machine
a dye worker
the person in charge of mixing the dyes
a wool comber
rabbit catcher
a person who dyed fabric
operated a machine that twisted the fibers
mainly a dealer in woolen and linen cloth

painted on cloth and clothing
sat atop looms and lifted heavy warps
a cloth dubber, raised the felt of the nap
operated the machine that stretched the fabric while it was drying

a weaver that made a special kind of woolen cloth. That was used for purposed other than clothing. 
removed hair from the hides of animals
worked in the hatting industry
cleaned the machinery in woollen mills
cloth worker who shrinks, beats and further processes fiber, waulker
a person who sold the furs
operates a machine that lays fabric in uniform folds
worked in woollen factory
wool comber
man paid to wake workers up when they lived on the premises
bought odd lots of wool and sold them

wove woollen cloth called mock velvet
overseer of the mill
sheep and wool smuggler
someone who worked in the cloth trade
one who skinned animals
one who planked or kneaded the body of the hat during felting process
RAISING CARD: small wired instrument to raise nap on felt
wool stapler
worked in a scribbing mill where wool was roughly carded
sheared the fleece off of the sheep
sheep herder/shepherd

sheep shearer
operated the cloth finishing machines
removed rubbish from the carding machines
applied tar on places where the sheep had been knicked during shearing
a person who "opens up" matted wool so it can be carded
a person who stretched fabric while it was drying
also known as a dyer
employed to tease the wool
examined the quality of wool goods to be sold
cloth worker/fuller

made special wattle fences for holding sheep
threw handfulls of wool onto machines that separated fibers and broke up matts, shakes out dirt in preparation for carding
separates the fiber and readys them for the next process
the one who brought the wool to the market
was the one who priced the wool or furs, a merchant agent
pieced together the broken yarns
graded the wool
a seller of woollen cloth from worsted mills
wound up balls of wool
one who made the worsted

Leuring lathe is a turntable with a block on it that supports a felt hat.  The hats is placed on the block and the lathe is turned while a leurer "leures" it with a plush velveteen pad which gives the hat a shine to the crown felt fibers.
Codwool is the fiber of stillborn lambs


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